Steps to Learn a New Word:1. Show the child the word.
2. Discuss the word.
3. Mix-up, or cover up, the word.
4. Have the children use magnetic letters, shaving cream, dry erase board, etc., to make the word without look at your word.
5. After they write the word, show the child your word and compare their word to yours.
6. If necessary, try again from the beginning.
1. Each child has a piece of black paper taped to the ground. Shaving cream is on the paper.
2. I write a word on the dry erase board. In this case I have written "can".
3. We talked about the word, how many letters, spelled it, etc.
4. I hid my word. The reasons we are hiding the word is to train the brain to look at the word as a unit. If we don't hide the word, the kids write a c and an a and a n. They do not write can.
5. The children attempt to write the word in the shaving cream. If they are unable to write the complete word, have the children "erase" the word.
6. Show them the word again. Talk about it again. Hide it again. Let them try it again...and again, and again....You get the point, right?
7. The good news is....the brain is very trainable! After a few sessions, the kids will start to catch on. The brain will begin to see the word as a chunk. This is why kids can learn to read sight words without knowing the letters!
Parking Lot Words
1. First, we test each child over the words on the list. If you have a lot of words, you might want to start with just the first 20 or so. The list of words should match the first 20 words that will be added to the word wall.
2. Pick one child and ask him the words. Highlight any words he knows. (Or use ESGI! This screenshot shows what is on the ESGI assessment.)
But, when you are assessing, the kids will see this screen with one word at a time. As each word appears on the screen, you will be prompted to indicate if they know the word or if they don't know the word.
5. Each day, invite each child to read their ring of words. I do this in the morning as they are coming in, during centers, etc.
6. Each child needs a 70%/30% ratio of known to unknown words. That means, if a child has 10 words on their ring, they should have 7 words they know, and 3 words they do not know.
7. As a child masters a word, add a new word to the ring, never having more than 30% of known words.
This is just the tip of the iceberg! Want to know more ideas to teach sight words as well as vocabulary and how to solve unknown words? If so, be sure and register for the Wacky Wonderful World of Words webinar hosted by ESGI. You can click on this image to register.